Chemoattractant receptor-induced hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in human polymorphonuclear leukocyte membranes. Requirement for a guanine nucleotide regulatory protein.
Incubation of plasma membranes from human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) with [gamma-32P]ATP in the presence of MgCl2 resulted in the formation of 32P-labeled phosphatidic acid (PA), phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PIP), and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). Membranes from PMN specific and azurophil granules synthesized only PIP, suggesting that PIP2 metabolism is confined to the plasma membrane in PMNs. Further incubations of the labeled plasma membranes for 60 s in the presence of 1 mM CaCl2 resulted in the hydrolysis of approximately 40 and 50% of the labeled PIP and PIP2, respectively. In the presence of 2 microM added CaCl2, PIP and PIP2 levels were unchanged by incubation with either the chemoattractant N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMet-Leu-Phe) at 0.1 microM or by 10 microM GTP; however, addition of fMet-Leu-Phe plus GTP together resulted in a 11 and 28% decrease in PIP and PIP2, respectively. These treatments had no effect on PA levels. No additional radiolabeled organic-soluble products were detected after treatment with fMet-Leu-Phe plus GTP. Incubation of intact PMNs, with the Bordetella pertussis toxin (islet-activating protein) eliminated the ability of fMet-Leu-Phe plus GTP to promote PIP2 breakdown in the isolated plasma membranes, but did not inhibit PIP2 degradation in the presence of 1 mM CaCl2. These results provide the first direct evidence that the fMet-Leu-Phe receptor in PMN membranes is coupled to polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis through an islet-activating protein-sensitive guanine nucleotide regulatory protein.
Smith, CD; Lane, BC; Kusaka, I; Verghese, MW; Snyderman, R
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