Polymorphonuclear leukocyte function in psoriasis: chemotaxis, chemokinesis, beta-adrenergic receptors, and proteolytic enzymes of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the peripheral blood from psoriatic patients.
Psoriatic patients, particularly those with psoriatic arthritis, have neutrophilic and eosinophilic leukocytosis. Isolated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) from psoriatic patients have normal concentrations of proteolytic enzymes and they have beta-adrenergic receptors of normal density and affinity. PMNLs from psoriatic patients responded normally to the synthetic chemotactic peptide, f-Met-Leu-Phe (formyl-methionine-leucine-phenylalanine). The chemotactic activities of sera from psoriatic patients were similar to those of normal sera. Sera from psoriatic patients enhanced chemokinesis of PMNLs more than normal control sera at a final concentration of 1%; no difference in chemokinetic response between psoriatic and normal sera was found at serum concentrations greater than 2.5%. This study suggests that the peripheral PMNLs from psoriatic patients are normal, but the sera of psoriatic patients has more chemokinetic activity for PMNLs than does normal serum.
Fräki, JE; Jakoi, L; Davies, AO; Lefkowitz, RJ; Snyderman, R; Lazarus, GS
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