Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

Published

Journal Article

Recent studies have suggested that nitric oxide (NO.), the product of nitric oxide synthase in inflammatory cells, may play a part in tissue injury and inflammation through its oxidative metabolism. In this study the colonic generation of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and nitric oxide synthase activity was determined in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Colonic biopsy specimens were obtained from inflammatory bowel disease patients and from normal controls. Mucosal explants were cultured in vitro for 24 hours and NOx generation was determined. Nitric oxide synthase activity was monitored by the conversion of [3H]-L-arginine to citrulline. Median NOx generation by inflamed colonic mucosa of patients with active ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis was 4.2- and 8.1-fold respectively higher than that by normal human colonic mucosa. In ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis nitric oxide synthase activity was 10.0- and 3.8-fold respectively higher than in normal subjects. Colonic NOx generation is significantly decreased by methylprednisolone and ketotifen. The decrease in NOx generation by cultured colonic mucosa induced by methylprednisolone suggests that NO synthase activity is induced during the culture and the steroid effect may contribute to its therapeutic effect. Enhanced colonic NOx generation by stimulated nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease may contribute to tissue injury.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rachmilewitz, D; Stamler, JS; Bachwich, D; Karmeli, F; Ackerman, Z; Podolsky, DK

Published Date

  • May 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 718 - 723

PubMed ID

  • 7541008

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7541008

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1468-3288

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0017-5749

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1136/gut.36.5.718

Language

  • eng