The relaxant properties in guinea pig airways of S-nitrosothiols.
Several cellular constituents of the lung have the capacity to synthesize a factor capable of relaxing smooth muscle which has the physicochemical properties of nitric oxide (NO). In other systems, it has been shown that NO may be stabilized in the plasma and cellular milieu by reduced thiol in the form of an S-nitrosothiol (RS-NO). These compounds have half-lives that are significantly greater than that of NO, and also retain the vasorelaxant activity of NO, which is mediated by activating guanylate cyclase and raising cyclic GMP levels. The effects of RS-NO and their potential mechanism of action on airways, however, have not been previously investigated. In this study, we have examined the smooth muscle relaxant properties of several biological and synthetic RS-NO on guinea pig trachea. Our data reveal that RS-NO are generally potent airway smooth muscle relaxants with at least a partial effect through stimulation of cyclic GMP. Relaxations were attenuated significantly by the guanylate cyclase inhibitor methylene blue (P less than .05), and RS-NO-induced increases in cyclic GMP were demonstrated (P less than .0005). The IC50 values for S-nitroso-glutathione, S-nitroso-cysteine, S-nitroso-homocysteine, S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine, S-nitroso-penicillamine and S-nitroso-captopril were 0.99 +/- 0.09, 3.2 +/- 0.2, 2.1 +/- 0.3, 2.1 +/- 0.8, 1.8 +/- 0.8 and 20 +/- 0.7 microM (mean +/- S.E.M.), respectively. In this system isoproterenol has an IC50 of 0.016 microM and theophylline an IC50 of 74 microM, making the relaxant properties of these NO derivatives of potential pharmacological and physiological relevance.
Jansen, A; Drazen, J; Osborne, JA; Brown, R; Loscalzo, J; Stamler, JS
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