Effect of smoking status on productivity loss.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe health-related productivity losses in nonsmokers, former smokers, and current smokers using a large, cross-sectional database of U.S. employees. METHODS: Volunteers completed the Wellness Inventory, an instrument measuring productivity losses related to 11 health conditions affecting employee health. Results are aggregated, dollarized, and reported by smoking group. RESULTS: Current smokers missed more days of work and experienced more unproductive time at work compared with former smokers and nonsmokers. The average annual cost for lost productivity for nonsmokers was 2623 dollars/year compared with 3246 dollars/year for former smokers and 4430 dollars/year for current smokers. More than half the costs were due to unproductive time at work. CONCLUSION: Current smokers incurred the highest productivity losses, which translated into higher costs to employers for current smokers. Costs were lower for former smokers and nonsmokers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bunn, WB; Stave, GM; Downs, KE; Alvir, JMJ; Dirani, R

Published Date

  • October 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1099 - 1108

PubMed ID

  • 17033509

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1076-2752

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.jom.0000243406.08419.74


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States