Prevention of influenza-induced lung injury in mice overexpressing extracellular superoxide dismutase.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species such as superoxide and nitric oxide are released into the extracellular spaces by inflammatory and airway epithelial cells. These molecules may exacerbate lung injury after influenza virus pneumonia. We hypothesized that enhanced expression of extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC SOD) in mouse airways would attenuate the pathological effects of influenza pneumonia. We compared the pathogenic effects of a nonlethal primary infection with mouse-adapted Hong Kong influenza A/68 virus in transgenic (TG) EC SOD mice versus non-TG (wild-type) littermates. Compared with wild-type mice, EC SOD TG mice showed less lung injury and inflammation as measured by significant blunting of interferon-gamma induction, reduced cell count and total protein in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, reduced levels of lung nitrite/nitrate nitrotyrosine, and markedly reduced lung pathology. These results demonstrate that enhancing EC SOD in the conducting and distal airways of the lung minimizes influenza-induced lung injury by both ameliorating inflammation and attenuating oxidative stress.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Suliman, HB; Ryan, LK; Bishop, L; Folz, RJ

Published Date

  • January 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 280 / 1

Start / End Page

  • L69 - L78

PubMed ID

  • 11133496

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11133496

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-0605

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajplung.2001.280.1.L69

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States