Ultrathin coating by plasma polymerization applied to corneal contact lens.
Plasma coating (deposition of polymer under the influence of plasma) is utilized to modify the surface properties of corneal contact lens. An ultrathin layer (thickness of roughly 200 A) of plasma polymer of acetylene/H20/N2 is applied to poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) corneal contact lenses. The surface becomes highly wettable with water compared to uncoated lens. When coated and uncoated contact lenses are placed on rabbit eyes, a remarkable difference in accumulation of mucous matter is observed. With the control lenses, the accumulation of mucous matter in a week is sufficient to affect the optical clarity of the lenses, whereas the coated lenses show no change after three months continuous wearing. The comparative degree of adhesion of the corneal epithelium cells onto glass, modified glass, PMMA, and coated PMMA surfaces is studied using tissue cultures and phase contrast microscopy. The coated PMMA surface exhibits a degree of tissue adhesion lower than that of control PMMA and higher than that of glass surface, and no sign of toxicity of the coated surface is observed by the tissue cultures.
Yasuda, H; Bumgarner, MO; Marsh, HC; Yamanashi, BS; Devito, DP; Wolbarsht, ML; Reed, JW; Bessler, M; Landers, MB; Hercules, DM; Carver, J
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