An ecological-transactional model of significant risk factors for child psychopathology in outer mongolia.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The present study examined significant risk factors, including child maltreatment, for child psychopathology in a cross-cultural setting. Ninety-nine Mongolian boys, ages 3-10 years, were assessed. Primary caregivers (PCG) completed structured interviews including the Emory Combined Rating Scale (ECRS) and the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ). Structural equation modeling identifies eight risk factors affecting child psychopathology: Three with direct effects (severity of physical punishment, PCG's MFQ score, and PCG's education), three with indirect effects (cultural acceptance of violence as discipline, presence of community violence, and contact with extended family), and two with direct and indirect effects (quality of marriage/presence of spousal abuse, and household size). Results support the ecological-transactional theory of developmental psychopathology in a cross-cultural setting. Structural equation modeling provides a useful technique to isolate specific sites for intervention, while maintaining a comprehensive perspective of risk factor interaction.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kohrt, HE; Kohrt, BA; Waldman, I; Saltzman, K; Carrion, VG

Published Date

  • 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 163 - 181

PubMed ID

  • 15577280

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-398X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10578-004-1883-4


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States