# Fusion Frames: Existence and Construction

Journal Article

Fusion frame theory is an emerging mathematical theory that provides a natural framework for performing hierarchical data processing. A fusion frame is a frame-like collection of subspaces in a Hilbert space, thereby generalizing the concept of a frame for signal representation. In this paper, we study the existence and construction of fusion frames. We first present a complete characterization of a special class of fusion frames, called Parseval fusion frames. The value of Parseval fusion frames is that the inverse fusion frame operator is equal to the identity and therefore signal reconstruction can be performed with minimal complexity. We then introduce two general methods -- the spatial complement and the Naimark complement -- for constructing a new fusion frame from a given fusion frame. We then establish existence conditions for fusion frames with desired properties. In particular, we address the following question: Given $M, N, m \in \NN$ and $\{\lambda_j\}_{j=1}^M$, does there exist a fusion frame in $\RR^M$ with $N$ subspaces of dimension $m$ for which $\{\lambda_j\}_{j=1}^M$ are the eigenvalues of the associated fusion frame operator? We address this problem by providing an algorithm which computes such a fusion frame for almost any collection of parameters $M, N, m \in \NN$ and $\{\lambda_j\}_{j=1}^M$. Moreover, we show how this procedure can be applied, if subspaces are to be added to a given fusion frame to force it to become Parseval.

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### Duke Authors

### Cited Authors

- Calderbank, R; Casazza, PG; Heinecke, A; Kutyniok, G; Pezeshki, A