# Rare Transition Events in Nonequilibrium Systems with State-Dependent Noise: Application to Stochastic Current Switching in Semiconductor Superlattices

Journal Article

Using recent mathematical advances, a geometric approach to rare noise-driven transition events in nonequilibrium systems is given, and an algorithm for computing the maximum likelihood transition curve is generalized to the case of state-dependent noise. It is applied to a model of electronic transport in semiconductor superlattices to investigate transitions between metastable electric field distributions. When the applied voltage $V$ is varied near a saddle-node bifurcation at $V_th$, the mean life time  of the initial metastable state is shown to scale like $log \propto |V_th - V|^{3/2}$ as $V\to V_th$.

### Cited Authors

• Heymann, M; Teitsworth, SW; Mattingly, JC