Activation and repression of mammalian gene expression by the c-myc protein.


Journal Article

One mechanism by which nuclear-localized oncogenes might transform cells is through an ability to regulate gene expression. We show that the c-myc protein stimulates the level of appropriately initiated expression from the human heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) promoter. Sequences required for full activation lie upstream of the transcription initiation site and are distinct from sequences necessary for basal expression. These sequences also appear distinct from promoter sequences necessary for heat induction, serum induction, and induction by the papovavirus T antigens. The c-myc protein inhibits appropriately initiated expression from the mouse metallothionein I (MT-I) promoter. A mutation that removes 138 amino acids of exon 2 produces a c-myc gene product that is capable of activating the hsp70 promoter but is no longer capable of inhibiting MT-I expression, suggesting that these two properties reside in different domains of the c-myc protein. Expression from the adenovirus EII promoter is slightly inhibited, while expression from the SV40 early promoter is minimally affected by the c-myc protein. Both the spectrum of promoters regulated by the c-myc protein and the sequence requirements for that regulation differ from those of previously characterized viral trans-activating proteins. The data suggest that the c-myc protein can both stimulate and inhibit transcription from mammalian promoters in a novel manner.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kaddurah-Daouk, R; Greene, JM; Baldwin, AS; Kingston, RE

Published Date

  • June 1, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 347 - 357

PubMed ID

  • 3678827

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3678827

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0890-9369

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1101/gad.1.4.347


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States