Spreading the word: Geography, policy, and Knowledge spillovers

Scholarly Edition

Using new data on citations to university patents and scientific publications, we study how geography affects university knowledge spillovers. Citations to patents decline sharply with distance and are strongly constrained by state borders. The effect of distance on citations to scientific publications is less sharp, and the state border effect on publications is significant only for lower-quality public universities. We show that the state border effect is heterogeneous and strongly influenced by university and state characteristics and policies. It is larger for universities that are public and that have strong local development policies, and in states with strong noncompete labor laws, greater reliance on in-state educated scientists, and lower rates of interstate scientific labor mobility.We confirm the impact of noncompete statutes by studying a policy reform in Michigan. © 2013 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Belenzon, S; Schankerman, M

Published Date

  • October 28, 2013

Start / End Page

  • 884 - 903

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1162/REST_a_00334

Citation Source

  • Scopus