In The Stillborn God, Mark Lilla argues that political theology invariably leads to apocalyptic politics, and that we can avoid this fate only by maintaining a "Great Separation" between politics and religion, such as the one that Hobbes initiated, but which was overturned by Rousseau and German liberal theology-leading to Nazism. We argue that Hobbes never established such a divide; political theology is far more diverse than Lilla suggests; and liberal German political theology was not a significant source of Nazism. Moreover, liberalism is itself a political theology, suggesting that religion and politics should not, and perhaps cannot, be divided-although they may be reconciled. © 2010 Critical Review Foundation.
Gillespie, MA; Perkins, L
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