57Fe and 1H electron-nuclear double resonance of three doubly reduced states Escherichia coli sulfite reductase.
We have employed electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy to study the 57Fe hyperfine interactions in the bridged-siroheme [4Fe-4S] cluster that forms the catalytically active center of the two-electron-reduced hemoprotein subunit of Escherichia coli NADPH-sulfite reductase (SiR2-). Previous electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and Mössbauer studies have shown that this enzyme oxidation state can exist in three distinct spectroscopic forms: (1) a "g = 2.29" EPR species that predominates in unligated SiR2-, in which the siroheme Fe2+ is believed to be in an S = 1 state; (2) a "g = 4.88" type of EPR species that predominates in SiR2- in the presence of small amounts of guanidinium sulfate, in which the siroheme Fe2+ is in an S = 2 state; and (3) a classical "g = 1.94" type of EPR species that is seen in SiR2- ligated with CO, in which the siroheme Fe2+ is in an S = 0 state. In all three species, the cluster is in the [4Fe-4S]1+ state, and two distinct types of Fe site are seen in Mössbauer spectroscopy. ENDOR studies confirm the Mössbauer assignments for the cluster 57Fe in the g = 1.94 state, with A values of 37, 37, and 32 MHz for site I and ca. 19 MHz for site II. The hyperfine interactions are not too different on the g = 2.29 state, with site I Fe showing more anisotropic A values of 32, 24, and 20 MHz (site II was not detected).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Cline, JF; Janick, PA; Siegel, LM; Hoffman, BM
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