Imagining a way out of the gravity bias: preschoolers can visualize the solution to a spatial problem.


Journal Article

Can young children visualize the solution to a difficult spatial problem? Forty-eight 3-year-olds were tested in a spatial reasoning paradigm in which they were asked to predict the path of a ball moving through 1 of 3 intertwined tubes. One group of children was asked to visualize the ball rolling down the tube before they made their predictions, a second group was given identical instructions without being asked to use visual imagery, and a third group was given no instructions. Children in the visualization condition performed significantly better than those in the other conditions, suggesting that encouraging young children to use visual imagery may help them to reason through difficult problems.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Joh, AS; Jaswal, VK; Keen, R

Published Date

  • May 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 82 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 744 - 750

PubMed ID

  • 21428983

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21428983

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-3920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01584.x


  • eng