A phosphorylated cytoplasmic autoantigen, GW182, associates with a unique population of human mRNAs within novel cytoplasmic speckles.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

A novel human cellular structure has been identified that contains a unique autoimmune antigen and multiple messenger RNAs. This complex was discovered using an autoimmune serum from a patient with motor and sensory neuropathy and contains a protein of 182 kDa. The gene and cDNA encoding the protein indicated an open reading frame with glycine-tryptophan (GW) repeats and a single RNA recognition motif. Both the patient's serum and a rabbit serum raised against the recombinant GW protein costained discrete cytoplasmic speckles designated as GW bodies (GWBs) that do not overlap with the Golgi complex, endosomes, lysosomes, or peroxisomes. The mRNAs associated with GW182 represent a clustered set of transcripts that are presumed to reside within the GW complexes. We propose that the GW ribonucleoprotein complex is involved in the posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression by sequestering a specific subset of gene transcripts involved in cell growth and homeostasis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Eystathioy, T; Chan, EKL; Tenenbaum, SA; Keene, JD; Griffith, K; Fritzler, MJ

Published Date

  • April 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1338 - 1351

PubMed ID

  • 11950943

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC102273

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1059-1524

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1091/mbc.01-11-0544


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States