Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma negatively regulates IFN-beta production in Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3- and TLR4-stimulated macrophages by preventing interferon regulatory factor 3 binding to the IFN-beta promoter.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Toll-like receptors 3 and 4 utilize adaptor TRIF to activate interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), resulting in IFN-β production to mediate anti-viral and bacterial infection. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ is a ligand-activated transcription factor expressed in various immune cells and acts as a transcriptional repressor to inhibit the transcription of many proinflammatory cytokines. But, the function of PPAR-γ in TLR3- and -4-mediated IFN-β production is not well elucidated. Here, we have analyzed the effect of the PPAR-γ agonists on IFN-β production in peritoneal primary macrophages in response to LPS and poly(I:C). PPAR-γ agonists inhibited LPS and poly(I:C)-induced IFN-β transcription and secretion. siRNA knockdown of PPAR-γ expression and transfection of PPAR-γ expression plasmid demonstrated that PPAR-γ agonist inhibits IFN-β production in a PPAR-γ-dependent manner. The ability of the PPAR-γ agonist to inhibit IFN-β production was confirmed in vivo as mice treated with troglitazone exhibited decreased levels of IFN-β upon LPS and poly(I:C) challenge. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (CHIP) assay and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) demonstrated that troglitazone treatment impaired IRF3 binding to the IFN-β promoter. Furthermore, troglitazone could inhibit LPS and poly(I:C)-induced STAT1 phosphorylation and subsequent ISRE activation. These results demonstrate that PPAR-γ negatively regulates IFN-β production in TLR3- and 4-stimulated macrophages by preventing IRF3 binding to the IFN-β promoter.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zhao, W; Wang, L; Zhang, M; Wang, P; Zhang, L; Yuan, C; Qi, J; Qiao, Y; Kuo, PC; Gao, C

Published Date

  • February 18, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 286 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 5519 - 5528

PubMed ID

  • 21148557

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3037665

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.M110.149823


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States