Depression and enhancement of baroreceptor pressor response in cats after intracerebroventricular injection of noradrenergic blocking agents: dependence on supracollicular areas of the brain.
The alpha-adrenergic blocking drugs, phentolamine and Hydergine, both act centrally at different sites to depress and enhance the pressor and sympathetic nerve response to decreased baroreceptor afferent input in anesthetized cats. Depression of the rise in blood pressure and sympathetic nerve discharge during bilateral carotid occlusion (BCO) followed injection of the agents into the 4th cerebral ventricle when the brain was intact but not when connections were interrupted at the midcollicular level by transection or lesion. Enhancement of responses occurred when drug distribution was confined to the brain rostral to the midcollicular level via injection into the 3rd cerebral ventricle with the cerebral aqueduct cannulated. Both agents decreased resting blood pressure and Hydergine decreased heart rate in intact and decerebrate preparations but not in 3rd ventricle-cerebral aqueduct experiments. We found that pretreatment with the noradrenergic precursor. L-dopa consistently prevented depression by phentolamine but was less effective against Hydergine. The results indicate that mechanisms which enhance and suppress the baroreceptor pressor response are normally operative in anesthetized cats and, furthermore, that neural pathways mediating the effects are ones connecting the caudal brainstem with supracollicular levels of the brain. It is further suggested that the pathways may be noradrenergic.
Tadepalli, AS; Mills, E; Schanberg, SM
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