Left ventricular ejection fraction after acute coronary occlusion in conscious dogs: relation to the extent and site of myocardial infarction.
The change in left ventricular radionuclide ejection fraction after acute occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) or circumflex (LC) coronary artery was compared with the ultimate histologic extent of myocardial infarction in conscious dogs. The acute change in ejection fraction correlated with size of infarction in 14 dogs with occlusions of the LAD coronary artery (r = .89, y = 1.12x + 14.2) and in 27 dogs with occlusions of the LC coronary artery (r = .71, y = 0.73x + 7.9); the slope of the regression equation was greater (p less than .05) for those with LAD than for those with LC occlusions. Multivariate analysis revealed no independent contribution of left ventricular weight, the subendocardial extent of infarction, or change in heart rate to the acute change in ejection fraction. These data indicate that the decrease in ejection fraction after coronary occlusion is determined primarily by the size of the ischemic area, which also determines size of infarction. In dogs instrumented over a long term, infarcts in the LAD myocardial distribution result in greater decreases in ejection fraction than infarcts of comparable size in the LC distribution.
Schneider, RM; Chu, A; Akaishi, M; Weintraub, WS; Morris, KG; Cobb, FR
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