Bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin in percutaneous coronary interventions of patients having received initial fondaparinux treatment: a propensity matched study.
Fondaparinux is an indirect, Factor Xa inhibitor that requires co-administration of another anticoagulant with anti-Factor IIa activity for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) per guideline recommendations. In this setting, the use of bivalirudin, a direct Factor IIa inhibitor, is not well established.Using the Premier hospital database, we identified 971 patients who underwent elective or urgent PCI after receiving fondaparinux as the initial anticoagulant. They were treated with either bivalirudin ± glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI) (Group A=618) or unfractionated heparin (UFH) ± GPI (Group B=353) during PCI. A 2:1 propensity score matching (PSM) process was performed to control for patient and hospital level characteristics. The primary endpoints were to determine in-hospital death, bleeding and post-PCI length of stay (LOS) between treatment groups. After PSM, 512 matched patients were analysed (Group A=348 and Group B=174). In-hospital death was 1.4% in Group A vs. 2.9% in Group B (p=0.26). Clinically apparent bleeding occurred in 4.0% of Group A vs. 9.2% of Group B patients (p<0.02). Clinically apparent bleeding requiring transfusion was lower in Group A patients (0.6% vs. 2.9%; p=0.04). Post-PCI LOS was 1.9 ± 3.8 days for Group A and 2.4 ± 5.8 days for Group B (p=0.36). GPI use during PCI occurred in 9.2% of Group A vs. 44.8% of Group B patients (p<0.0001).After initial administration of fondaparinux, a bivalirudin-based strategy for PCI is associated with significantly reduced bleeding, with similar mortality and post-PCI LOS when compared with an UFH-based strategy.
Hamon, M; Rao, SV; Steg, G; Valgimigli, M; Verheugt, F; Marso, S; Gershlick, A; Wang, Y; Deliargyris, E
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