3-dimensional shortest paths in the presence of polyhedral obstacles
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988. We consider the problem of finding a minimum length path between two points in 3-dimensional Euclidean space which avoids a set of (not necessarily convex) polyhedral obstacles; we let n denote the number of the obstacle edges and k denote the number of "islands" in the obstacle space. An island is defined to be a maximal convex obstacle surface such that for any two points contained in the interior of the island, a minimal length path between these two points is strictly contained in the interior of the island; for example, a set of i disconnected convex polyhedra forms a set of i islands, however, a single non-convex polyhedron will constitute more that one island. Prior to this work, the best known algorithm required double-exponential time. We present an algorithm that runs in nk0(1) time and also one that runs in O(nlog(k)) space.
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