Magnetic interactions in milk xanthine oxidase.
The relaxation behavior of the EPR signals of MoV, FAD semiquinone, and the reduced Fe/S I center was measured in the presence and absence of other paramagnetic centers in milk xanthine oxidase. Specific pairs of prosthetic groups were rendered paramagnetic by poising the native enzyme or its desulfo glycol inhibited derivative at appropriate potentials and pH values. Magnetic interactions were found between the following species: Mo--Fe/S I (100-fold increase in microwave power required to saturate the MoV EPR signal at 103 K when Fe/S I is reduced as opposed to oxidized), FAD--Fe/S I and FAD--Fe/S II (70-fold increase in power required to saturate the FADH.EPR signal at 173 K when either Fe/S center is reduced), and Fe/S I--Fe/S II (2.5-fold increase in power to saturate the reduced Fe/S I EPR signal at 20 K when Fe/S II is reduced). The Mo--Fe/S I interaction was also detected as a reduced Fe/S I induced splitting of the MoV EPR spectrum at 30 K. No splittings of the FADH. or Fe/S center spectra were detected. No magnetic interactions were found between FAD and Mo or between Mo and Fe/S II. These results, together with those of Coffman & Buettner [Coffman, R. E., & Buettner, G. R. (1979) J. Phys. Chem. 83, 2392-2400], were used to estimate the following approximate distances between the electron carrying prosthetic groups of milk xamthine oxidase: Mo--Fe/S I, 11 +/- 3 A; Fe/S I-Fe/S II, 15 +/- 4 A; FAD-Fe/S I, 16 +/- 4 A; FAD-Fe/S II, 16 +/- 4 A. A model for the arrangement of these groups within the xanthine oxidase molecule is suggested.
Barber, MJ; Salerno, JC; Siegel, LM
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