Siroheme: a prosthetic group of the Neurospora crassa assimilatory nitrite reductase.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
The Neurospora crassa assimilatory nitrite reductase (EC 188.8.131.52) catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of nitrite to ammonia, a 6-electron transfer reaction. Highly purified preparations of this enzyme exhibit absorption spectra which suggest the presence of a heme component (wavelength maxima for oxidized senzyme: 390 and 578 nm). There is a close correspondence between nitrite reductase activity and absorbance at 400 nm when partially purified nitrite reductase preparations are subjected to sucrose gradient centrifugation. In addition, a role for an iron component in the formation of active nitrite reductase is indicated by the fact that nitrate-induced production of nitrite reductase activity in Neurospora mycelia in vivo requires the presence of iron in the induction medium. The heme chromophore present in Neurospora nitrite reductase preparations is reducible by NADPH. Complete reduction, however, requires the presence of added FAD. The NADPH-nitrite reductase activity of the enzyme is also dependent upon addition of FAD. A spectrally unique complex is formed between the heme chromophore and nitrite (or a reduction product thereof) when nitrite is added to NADPH-reducted enzyme. Carbon monoxide forms a complex with the heme chromophore of nitrite reductase with an intense alpha-band maximum at 590 nm and a beta-band of lower intensity at 550 nm. CO is an inhibitor of NADPH-nitrite reductase activity. Spectrophotometrically detectable CO complex formation and Co inhibition of enzyme activity share the following properties...
- Vega, JM; Garrett, RH
- October 25, 1975
Volume / Issue
- 250 / 20
Start / End Page
- 7980 - 7989
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
- United States