Antiphonal laughter between friends and strangers.

Published

Journal Article

Drawing from an affect-induction model of laughter (Bachorowski & Owren, 2001; Owren & Bachorowski, 2002), we propose that "antiphonal" laughter--that is, laughter that occurs during or immediately after a social partner's laugh--is a behavioural manifestation of a conditioned positive emotional response to another individual's laugh acoustics. To test hypotheses concerning the occurrence of antiphonal laughter, participants (n = 148) were tested as part of either same- or mixed-sex friend or stranger dyads, and were audiorecorded while they played brief games intended to facilitate laugh production. An index of antiphonal laughter for each dyad was derived using Yule's Q. Significantly more antiphonal laughter was produced in friend than in stranger dyads, and females in mixed-sex dyads produced more antiphonal laughter than did their male partners. Antiphonal laughter may therefore reflect a mutually positive stance between social partners, and function to reinforce shared positive affective experiences.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Smoski, M; Bachorowski, J-A

Published Date

  • March 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 327 - 340

PubMed ID

  • 29715722

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29715722

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1464-0600

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/02699930302296

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England