SU‐FF‐T‐326: On the Use of Ice as a Water‐Equivalent Solid Medium for Brachytherapy Dosimetry Measurement
Purpose: It is well‐known that fluctuation in chemical compositions can lead to significant errors in the dosimetry of low‐energy brachytherapy sources using the traditional “water‐equivalent” solid phantoms. The aim of this work was to investigate the feasibility of using ice as a consistent water equivalent solid medium for low‐energy brachytherapy dosimetry. Methodod and Materials: The MCNP Monte Carlo code was used to compute the solid‐phantom‐to‐water conversion factor for ice (R ice ) and for SolidWater™ (R SW ) irradiated with mono‐energetic photons of 10 keV to 2.0 MeV and photons of six brachytherapy sources at various physical distances from the source. The R SW for different chemical compositions observed in SolidWater™ was also calculated. The feasibility of making precise ice phantoms was explored theoretically from an engineering point of view. Results: The uncertainty associated with the chemical composition of the SolidWater™ phantom can cause large errors in R SW for photons emitted by [formula omitted] source: 9% at 1 cm, 47% at 5 cm and 72% at 10 cm radial distance while ice would be free from such errors. However, due to its lower physical density compared to liquid water, the R ice was found to depend on both the photon energy and distance from the source. At the distance of 1 cm used in reference dosimetry, R ice varied from 0.890 at 15 keV to 1.015 at 50 keV. A practical approach for making ice slabs with pre‐designed molds of brachytherapy sources and dosimeters was proposed. Conclusions: A comprehensive set of R ice has been calculated for mono‐energetic photons and for photons emitted by existing brachytherapy sources at various measurement depths. Using R ice with an ice phantom would eliminate errors resulted from chemical composition fluctuations in traditional SolidWater™ phantom while retaining the positioning advantages of a solid phantom. Experimental measurements using ice phantom are being planned. © 2007, American Association of Physicists in Medicine. All rights reserved.
Song, H; Chen, Z; Yue, N; wu, QJ; Yin, F
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)