Persistence of MB isoenzyme of creatine phosphokinase in the serum after minor iatrogenic cardiac trauma. Absence of postmortem evidence of myocardial infarction.
The specificity of serum CPK-MB for acute myocardial infarction was examined by retrospective analysis of 401 consecutive patients admitted to Coronary Care Unit over a three and one-half year period with suspected infarction in whom the isoenzyme was subsequently detected. Four patients (1 per cent) who died during the hospital admission had no autopsy evidence of acute myocardial infarction. All four had experienced mild iatrogenic cardiac trauma, following which serum CPK-MG persisted for at least 24 hours. In one patient, a permanent pacemaker had been inserted by the transmediastinal approach. Two patients had been subjected to closed chest cardiac massage and intracardiac puncture, and one to external cardiac massage alone. The findings suggest that persistent identification of serum CPK-MB, although specific for myocardial necrosis, cannot be regarded as diagnostic of myocardial infarction. The implications of this are important to treatment of patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and operative trauma to the heart.
Tonkin, AM; Lester, RM; Guthrow, CE; Roe, CR; Hackel, DB; Wagner, GS
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