Collectivism and the meaning of suffering.

Published

Journal Article

People need to understand why an instance of suffering occurred and what purpose it might have. One widespread account of suffering is a repressive suffering construal (RSC): interpreting suffering as occurring because people deviate from social norms and as having the purpose of reinforcing the social order. Based on the theorizing of Emile Durkheim and others, we propose that RSC is associated with social morality-the belief that society dictates morality-and is encouraged by collectivist (as opposed to individualist) sentiments. Study 1 showed that dispositional collectivism predicts both social morality and RSC. Studies 2-4 showed that priming collectivist (vs. individualist) self-construal increases RSC of various types of suffering and that this effect is mediated by increased social morality (Study 4). Study 5 examined behavioral intentions, demonstrating that parents primed with a collectivist self-construal interpreted children's suffering more repressively and showed greater support for corporal punishment of children.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sullivan, D; Landau, MJ; Kay, AC; Rothschild, ZK

Published Date

  • December 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1023 - 1039

PubMed ID

  • 23046067

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23046067

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0030382

Language

  • eng