Methodology for Identifying Optimal Locations of Water Quality Sensors in River Systems

Journal Article

A method to optimally site river water quality sensors is expanded and applied to a case study river to explore the application of mathematical siting methods to the design of river sampling networks. Fecal coliform contamination due to flooded swine waste lagoons was modeled as it moves downstream, and optimal sensor locations are located by minimizing the objective function of the optimization problem. The results of the simulations are analyzed by varying the number of allowed sampling locations and the simulated contamination event. For the case study application, the model suggests three sampling locations along the modeled river section. These three suggested sensing points did not greatly vary in location for different river flows and contamination events, indicating the robustness of the model results for this specific case study. Generally, the application of mathematical contaminant modeling is a useful and systematic approach to aid the design of river water quality monitoring networks. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pollak, AW; Peirce, JJ; Alvarez-Vázquez, LJ; Vázquez-Méndez, ME

Published Date

  • 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 95 - 103

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1420-2026

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10666-012-9329-z