Do high-risk preschoolers or overweight mothers meet AAP-recommended behavioral goals for reducing obesity?

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued specific behavioral recommendations to prevent obesity. It is unclear how often high-risk preschoolers and overweight mothers meet recommended behavior goals and whether meeting these goals is negatively associated with overweight/obesity. OBJECTIVE: To describe the proportion of preschoolers and mothers that meet AAP-recommended behavior goals and examine the associations of meeting goals with weight-status, and mothers meeting goals and children meeting corresponding goals. METHODS: Secondary analysis of baseline data (before an intervention) from mother-preschooler dyads in a weight-control study. Mothers were overweight or obese. Preschoolers were 2-5 years old. Dietary and feeding practices were assessed by the use of questionnaires. Activity was measured directly using accelerometry. Outcomes included preschooler overweight and maternal obesity. RESULTS: The respective proportions of children and mothers that met behavior goals were: 17% and 13% for ≥5 fruits/vegetables/day, 46% and 33% for zero sugar-sweetened beverages/day, 41% and 13% for fast-food <1×/week, and 46% and 13% for screentime ≤2 hours/day. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity did not exceed 60 minutes/day in any participant. A total of 49% ate family meals together 7×/week. For each additional goal met, the adjusted odds for preschooler overweight was 0.9 (95% confidence interval 0.8-1.1) and for maternal obesity, 0.8 (95% confidence interval 0.6-0.9). Preschoolers had significantly greater odds of meeting each goal when mothers met the corresponding goal. CONCLUSIONS: Few high-risk preschoolers or overweight mothers meet AAP-recommended behavior goals. Meeting a greater number of behavior goals may be particularly important for maternal weight. Preschoolers have greater odds of meeting behavior goals when mothers meet behavior goals.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Turer, CB; Stroo, M; Brouwer, RJ; Krause, KM; Lovelady, CA; Bastian, LA; Peterson, B; Østbye, T

Published Date

  • 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 243 - 250

PubMed ID

  • 23491583

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3658466

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1876-2867

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.acap.2013.01.003


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States