Molecular measurement of T cell receptor excision circles.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This chapter provides protocols necessary for quantifying human, mouse, and nonhuman primate signal joint T cell receptor excision circles (sjTRECs) produced during T cell receptor alpha (TCRA) gene rearrangement. These non-replicated episomal circles of DNA are generated by the recombination process used to produce antigen-specific T cell receptors. The number of sjTRECs per mg of thymus tissue or per 100,000 lysed cells has been shown to be a molecular marker of thymopoiesis and naïve T cells. This technology is beneficial to investigators interested in quantitating the level of naïve T cell production occurring under various circumstances in a variety of systems, and complements traditional phenotypic analyses of thymopoiesis. This chapter specifically describes procedures required for rapid detection and quantitation of sjTRECs in thymus tissue or isolated cells using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The sjTREC assay system comprises species-specific forward and reverse primers for amplification of a unique site on the T cell receptor δ (TCRD) sjTREC, a fluorescently labeled (FAM/ZEN/IABkFQ) species-specific real-time probe, and a species-specific sjTREC DNA plasmid standard for quantitation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lynch, HE; Sempowski, GD

Published Date

  • 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 979 /

Start / End Page

  • 147 - 159

PubMed ID

  • 23397394

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3718036

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1940-6029

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-1-62703-290-2_12


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States