Neuroprediction of future rearrest.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Identification of factors that predict recurrent antisocial behavior is integral to the social sciences, criminal justice procedures, and the effective treatment of high-risk individuals. Here we show that error-related brain activity elicited during performance of an inhibitory task prospectively predicted subsequent rearrest among adult offenders within 4 y of release (N = 96). The odds that an offender with relatively low anterior cingulate activity would be rearrested were approximately double that of an offender with high activity in this region, holding constant other observed risk factors. These results suggest a potential neurocognitive biomarker for persistent antisocial behavior.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Aharoni, E; Vincent, GM; Harenski, CL; Calhoun, VD; Sinnott-Armstrong, W; Gazzaniga, MS; Kiehl, KA

Published Date

  • April 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 110 / 15

Start / End Page

  • 6223 - 6228

PubMed ID

  • 23536303

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3625297

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1091-6490

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.1219302110


  • eng