Gene expression profiling of peripheral blood leukocytes shows consistent longitudinal downregulation of TOMM40 and upregulation of KIR2DL5A, PLOD1, and SLC2A8 among fast progressors in early Alzheimer's disease.
We previously reported TOMM40 was significantly down-regulated in whole blood of Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects. In this study, we examined whole blood gene profiling differences over a one-year period comparing early AD subjects based on disease progression. 6-monthly assessments and blood sampling on 29 probable AD subjects compared with age- and gender-matched controls were performed. AD subjects with change in Clinical Dementia Rating-Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) score of ≥2 points/year were classified as fast-progressors and those with CDR-SB change of <2 points/year were classified as slow-progressors. We found statistically significant upregulation in KIR2DL5A, SLC2A8, and PLOD1 for fast- (n = 8) compared with slow-progressors (n = 21) across the time-points. TOMM40 gene expression remained significantly lower in AD patients at all time-points compared to controls, supporting our previous findings. Our novel findings of specific gene expression differences between fast- and slow-progressors in combination with consistently lower TOMM40 expression, suggest their potential role as prognostic blood biomarkers to predict progression in early AD.
Chong, MS; Goh, LK; Lim, WS; Chan, M; Tay, L; Chen, G; Feng, L; Ng, TP; Tan, CH; Lee, TS
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