Association between the chromosome 9p21 locus and angiographic coronary artery disease burden: a collaborative meta-analysis.


Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to ascertain the relationship of 9p21 locus with: 1) angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) burden; and 2) myocardial infarction (MI) in individuals with underlying CAD. BACKGROUND: Chromosome 9p21 variants have been robustly associated with coronary heart disease, but questions remain on the mechanism of risk, specifically whether the locus contributes to coronary atheroma burden or plaque instability. METHODS: We established a collaboration of 21 studies consisting of 33,673 subjects with information on both CAD (clinical or angiographic) and MI status along with 9p21 genotype. Tabular data are provided for each cohort on the presence and burden of angiographic CAD, MI cases with underlying CAD, and the diabetic status of all subjects. RESULTS: We first confirmed an association between 9p21 and CAD with angiographically defined cases and control subjects (pooled odds ratio [OR]: 1.31, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.20 to 1.43). Among subjects with angiographic CAD (n = 20,987), random-effects model identified an association with multivessel CAD, compared with those with single-vessel disease (OR: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.17)/copy of risk allele). Genotypic models showed an OR of 1.15, 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.26 for heterozygous carrier and OR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.08 to 1.39 for homozygous carrier. Finally, there was no significant association between 9p21 and prevalent MI when both cases (n = 17,791) and control subjects (n = 15,882) had underlying CAD (OR: 0.99, 95% CI: 0.95 to 1.03)/risk allele. CONCLUSIONS: The 9p21 locus shows convincing association with greater burden of CAD but not with MI in the presence of underlying CAD. This adds further weight to the hypothesis that 9p21 locus primarily mediates an atherosclerotic phenotype.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chan, K; Patel, RS; Newcombe, P; Nelson, CP; Qasim, A; Epstein, SE; Burnett, S; Vaccarino, VL; Zafari, AM; Shah, SH; Anderson, JL; Carlquist, JF; Hartiala, J; Allayee, H; Hinohara, K; Lee, B-S; Erl, A; Ellis, KL; Goel, A; Schaefer, AS; El Mokhtari, NE; Goldstein, BA; Hlatky, MA; Go, AS; Shen, G-Q; Gong, Y; Pepine, C; Laxton, RC; Whittaker, JC; Tang, WHW; Johnson, JA; Wang, QK; Assimes, TL; Nöthlings, U; Farrall, M; Watkins, H; Richards, AM; Cameron, VA; Muendlein, A; Drexel, H; Koch, W; Park, JE; Kimura, A; Shen, W-F; Simpson, IA; Hazen, SL; Horne, BD; Hauser, ER; Quyyumi, AA; Reilly, MP; Samani, NJ; Ye, S

Published Date

  • March 5, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 61 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 957 - 970

PubMed ID

  • 23352782

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23352782

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3597

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.10.051


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States