P2X7-regulated protection from exacerbations and loss of control is independent of asthma maintenance therapy.
The function of the P2X(7) nucleotide receptor protects against exacerbation in people with mild-intermittent asthma during viral illnesses, but the impact of disease severity and maintenance therapy has not been studied.To evaluate the association between P2X(7), asthma exacerbations, and incomplete symptom control in a more diverse population.A matched P2RX7 genetic case-control was performed with samples from Asthma Clinical Research Network trial participants enrolled before July 2006, and P2X(7) pore activity was determined in whole blood samples as an ancillary study to two trials completed subsequently.A total of 187 exacerbations were studied in 742 subjects, and the change in asthma symptom burden was studied in an additional 110 subjects during a trial of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) dose optimization. African American carriers of the minor G allele of the rs2230911 loss-of-function single nucleotide polymorphism were more likely to have a history of prednisone use in the previous 12 months, with adjustment for ICS and long-acting β(2)-agonists use (odds ratio, 2.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-6.2; P = 0.018). Despite medium-dose ICS, attenuated pore function predicted earlier exacerbations in incompletely controlled patients with moderate asthma (hazard ratio, 3.2; confidence interval, 1.1-9.3; P = 0.033). After establishing control with low-dose ICS in patients with mild asthma, those with attenuated pore function had more asthma symptoms, rescue albuterol use, and FEV(1) reversal (P < 0.001, 0.03, and 0.03, respectively) during the ICS adjustment phase.P2X(7) pore function protects against exacerbations of asthma and loss of control, independent of baseline severity and the maintenance therapy.
Denlinger, LC; Manthei, DM; Seibold, MA; Ahn, K; Bleecker, E; Boushey, HA; Calhoun, WJ; Castro, M; Chinchili, VM; Fahy, JV; Hawkins, GA; Icitovic, N; Israel, E; Jarjour, NN; King, T; Kraft, M; Lazarus, SC; Lehman, E; Martin, RJ; Meyers, DA; Peters, SP; Sheerar, D; Shi, L; Sutherland, ER; Szefler, SJ; Wechsler, ME; Sorkness, CA; Lemanske, RF; NHLBI Asthma Clinical Research Network Investigators,
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