Psychosocial correlates of atrial natriuretic peptide: A marker of vascular health
Background: Psychosocial factors have been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, but few studies have examined the association between psychosocial function and natriuretic peptides. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the predictive value of hostility, anger, and social support in relation to atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a marker of vascular health, among middle-aged men. Methods: One hundred twenty-one men (mean age = 39.8 years, SD=4.1) underwent assessments of ANP and completed the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale, the Spielberger State-Trait Anger Scale, and the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction. Results: Higher levels of hostility (β00.22 [95 % CI 0.04, 0.40], P00.032) and trait anger (β00.18 [95 % CI 0.01, 0.37], P00.044) were associated with greater ANP levels. In contrast, higher perceived social support was also associated with lower ANP levels, (β0-0.19 [95 % CI -0.05, -0.41], P00.010). Conclusions: Psychosocial factors, including hostility, anger, and social support, are associated with varying ANP levels among middle-aged men, independent of cardiovascular and behavioral risk factors. © The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2012.
Smith, P; Tuomisto, MT; Blumenthal, J; Sherwood, A; Parkkinen, L; Kähönen, M; Pörsti, I; Majahalme, S; Turjanmaa, V
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