Phosphorylation of Gz in human platelets. Selectivity and site of modification.
We have demonstrated previously that the G protein alpha subunit Gz alpha (or Gx alpha) in human platelets is subject to phosphorylation by agents that activate protein kinase C, including phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, thrombin, and the thromboxane A2 analog U46619. We examine here the site and selectivity of phosphorylation both in vitro using recombinant G protein alpha subunits and in situ using permeabilized and intact platelets. Protein kinase C catalyzes the rapid and nearly stoichiometric phosphorylation of recombinant Gz alpha, with the modification occurring preferentially for the GDP-bound form of the subunit. Under the same conditions, phosphorylation of recombinant Gi alpha 1, Gi alpha 2, Gi alpha 3, Gs alpha-S, Gs alpha-L, and Go alpha 1 was minimal. Phosphorylation of both rGz alpha and platelet Gz alpha occurs at a serine residue near the amino terminus. This conclusion is supported by phosphoamino acid analysis and the incorporation of radiolabel from [gamma-32P]ATP into the amino-terminal CNBr peptide (residues 2-53 of the encoded protein). One of the antisera used in this study (6354, directed toward residues 24-33) recognizes only the nonphosphorylated form of Gz alpha, providing strong evidence that Ser25 or Ser27 is the site of phosphorylation. Results obtained with 6354 also suggest that phorbol ester-promoted phosphorylation of Gz alpha approaches 1 mol of phosphate per mol of subunit in permeabilized platelets.
Lounsbury, KM; Casey, PJ; Brass, LF; Manning, DR
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