Inhibition of adenylosuccinate lyase by L-alanosyl-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxylic acid ribonucleotide (alanosyl-AICOR).
L-Alanosyl-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxylic acid ribonucleotide (alanosyl-AICOR) has been synthesized enzymatically using 4-(N-succino)-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (SAICAR) synthetase in conjunction with 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxylic acid ribonucleotide and L-2-amino-3-(N-hydroxy-N-nitrosoamino)propionic acid (alanosine). The product was characterized by chromatography, ultraviolet spectrum and NMR spectrum at 300 MHz. Alanosyl-AICOR was not a substrate of adenylosuccinate lyase from rat skeletal muscle, but it was an apparent competitive inhibitor in both of the reactions catalyzed by the enzyme. The KI values for alanosyl-AICOR were approximately 1.5 and 1.3 microM in the SAICAR and adenylosuccinate cleavage reactions respectively. These KI values were essentially the same as the Km values for the two substrates of adenylosuccinate lyase. They compare with an accumulation of 70 microM alanosyl-AICOR in leukemic nodules of mice treated with alanosine [A. K. Tyagi and D. Cooney, Cancer Res. 40, 4390 (1980)]. Thus, inhibition of adenylosuccinate lyase may account for much of the inhibitory effect exerted by alanosyl-AICOR in vivo. We confirmed the previous observation that alanosyl-AICOR is an inhibitor of adenylosuccinate synthetase.
Casey, PJ; Lowenstein, JM
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