In vitro and in vivo models for the study of oral delivery of nanoparticles.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Oral delivery is an attractive route to deliver therapeutics via nanoparticles due to its ease of administration and patient compliance. This review discusses laboratory techniques for studying oral delivery of nanoparticles, which offer protection of cargo through the gastrointestinal tract. Some of the difficulties in modeling oral delivery include the harsh acidic environment, variable pH, and the tight monolayer of endothelial cells present throughout the gastrointestinal tract. The use of in vitro techniques including the Transwell ® system, simulated gastric/intestinal fluid, and diffusion chambers addresses these challenges. When studying effects after oral delivery in vivo, bioimaging of nanoparticle biodistribution using radioactive markers has been popular. Functional assays such as immune response and systemic protein concentration analysis can further define the merits of the oral delivery systems. As biologics become increasingly more important in chronic therapies, nanoparticle-mediated oral delivery will assume greater prominence, and more sophisticated in vitro and in vivo models will be required.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Gamboa, JM; Leong, KW

Published Date

  • June 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 65 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 800 - 810

PubMed ID

  • 23415952

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23415952

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-8294

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0169-409X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.addr.2013.01.003

Language

  • eng