Outcomes before and after implementation of a pediatric rapid-response extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program.
BACKGROUND: Rapid-response extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (RR-ECMO) has been implemented at select centers to expedite cannulation for patients placed on ECMO during extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR). In 2008, we established such a program and used it for all pediatric venoarterial ECMO initiations. This study was designed to compare outcomes before and after program implementation. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2011, 144 pediatric patients were placed on venoarterial ECMO. Records of patients placed on ECMO before (17 ECPR and 62 non-ECPR) or after (14 ECPR and 51 non-ECPR) RR-ECMO program implementation were retrospectively compared. RESULTS: The peak performance of the ECMO team was assessed by measuring ECMO initiation times for the ECPR patient subgroup (n = 31). There was a shift toward more ECPR initiations achieved in less than 40 minutes (24% pre-RR-ECMO versus 43% RR-ECMO; p = 0.25) and fewer requiring more than 60 minutes (47% pre-RR-ECMO versus 21% RR-ECMO; p = 0.14) after program implementation, although these changes did not reach statistical significance. After multivariable risk adjustment, RR-ECMO was associated with a 52% reduction in neurologic complications for all patients (adjusted odds ratio, 0.48; 95% confidence interval, 0.23 to 0.98; p = 0.04), but the risk of in-hospital death remained unchanged (adjusted odds ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval, 0.50 to 1.99; p = 0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a pediatric RR-ECMO program for venoarterial ECMO initiation was associated with reduced neurologic complications but not improved survival during the first 3 years of program implementation. These data suggest that development of a coordinated system for rapid ECMO deployment may benefit both ECPR and non-ECPR patients, but further efforts are required to improve survival.
Turek, JW; Andersen, ND; Lawson, DS; Bonadonna, D; Turley, RS; Peters, MA; Jaggers, J; Lodge, AJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)