Principal components of heritability from neurocognitive domains differ between families with schizophrenia and control subjects.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: Various measures of neurocognitive function show mean differences among individuals with schizophrenia (SZ), their relatives, and population controls. We use eigenvector transformations that maximize heritability of multiple neurocognitive measures, namely principal components of heritability (PCH), and evaluate how they distribute in SZ families and controls. METHODS: African-Americans with SZ or schizoaffective disorder (SZA) (n = 514), their relatives (n = 1092), and adult controls (n = 300) completed diagnostic interviews and computerized neurocognitive tests. PCH were estimated from 9 neurocognitive domains. Three PCH, PCH1-PCH3, were modeled to determine if status (SZ, relative, and control), other psychiatric covariates, and education were significant predictors of mean values. A small-scale linkage analysis was also conducted in a subset of the sample. RESULTS: PCH1, PCH2, and PCH3 account for 72% of the genetic variance. PCH1 represents 8 of 9 neurocognitive domains, is most highly correlated with spatial processing and emotion recognition, and has unadjusted heritability of 68%. The means for PCH1 differ significantly among SZ, their relatives, and controls. PCH2, orthogonal to PCH1, is most closely correlated with working memory and has an unadjusted heritability of 45%. Mean PCH2 is different only between SZ families and controls. PCH3 apparently represents a heritable component of neurocognition similar across the 3 diagnostic groups. No significant linkage evidence to PCH1-PCH3 or individual neurocognitive measures was discovered. CONCLUSIONS: PCH1 is highly heritable and genetically correlated with SZ. It should prove useful in future genetic analyses. Mean PCH2 differentiates SZ families and controls but not SZ and unaffected family members.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wiener, H; Klei, L; Calkins, M; Wood, J; Nimgaonkar, V; Gur, R; Bradford, LD; Richard, J; Edwards, N; Savage, R; Kwentus, J; Allen, T; McEvoy, J; Santos, A; Gur, R; Devlin, B; Go, R

Published Date

  • March 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 464 - 471

PubMed ID

  • 22234486

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22234486

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1745-1701

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/schbul/sbr161

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States