The quality of cardiovascular disease care for adolescents with kidney disease: a Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium study.
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of increased mortality for adolescents with advanced kidney disease. The quality of preventive cardiovascular care may impact long-term outcomes for these patients. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 196 consecutive adolescents from eight centers with pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease, on dialysis or with a kidney transplant, who transferred to adult-focused providers. We compared cardiovascular risk assessment and therapy within and across centers. Predictors of care were assessed using multilevel models. RESULTS: Overall, 58 % (range 44-86 %; p = 0.08 for variance) of five recommended cardiovascular risk assessments were documented. Recommended therapy for six modifiable cardiovascular risk factors was documented 57 % (26-76 %; p = 0.09) of the time. Of these patients, 30 % (n = 59) were reported to go through formal transition which was independently associated with a 21 % increase in composite cardiovascular risk assessment (p < 0.001). Transfer after 2006 and kidney transplant status were also associated with increased cardiovascular risk assessment (p < 0.01 and p = 0.045, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with kidney disease receive suboptimal preventive cardiovascular care, that may contribute to their high risk of future cardiovascular mortality. A great opportunity exists to improve outcomes for children with kidney disease by improving the reliability of preventive care that may include formal transition programs.
Hooper, DK; Williams, JC; Carle, AC; Amaral, S; Chand, DH; Ferris, ME; Patel, HP; Licht, C; Barletta, G-M; Zitterman, V; Mitsnefes, M; Patel, UD
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