Impact of HIV-positive speakers in a multicomponent, school-based HIV/STD prevention program for inner-city adolescents.


Journal Article

Qualitative and quantitative data from Safer Choices, a school-based multicomponent HIV prevention program, were examined to determine the impact of HIV-positive speakers on inner-city adolescents' HIV risk perception and empathy for people with HIV or AIDS. Inductive analyses were used to assess student reactions to speakers. Multilevel regression modeling techniques were used to analyze student survey data (n = 1,491) to determine the effect of speakers alone, as well as in combination with the multicomponent intervention, and a knowledge-based curriculum (comparison condition). Results showed that speakers were highly popular with students and teachers, and had a positive short-term impact on students' attitudes. Although not statistically significant, the combination of intervention and speakers had the greatest impact on outcome variables. Integrating HIV-positive speakers into multicomponent programs may have a positive impact on inner-city youth. Utilizing speakers without other educational components may have minimal effects. Strategies for training and utilizing HIV-positive speakers in school settings are included.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Markham, C; Baumler, E; Richesson, R; Parcel, G; Basen-Engquist, K; Kok, G; Wilkerson, D

Published Date

  • October 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 442 - 454

PubMed ID

  • 11063063

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11063063

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1943-2755

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0899-9546


  • eng