Early changes in left ventricular size and function after correction of left ventricular volume overload

Journal Article

The ability to predict early postoperative left ventricular size and function in patients with isolated aortic or mitral regurgitation was determined utilizing multigated blood pool imaging before and 2 to 4 weeks after valve replacement (aortic valve, 20 patients; mitral valve, 20 patients). Early postoperatively, ejection fraction decreased significantly (p <0.001) in both patient groups (from 0.55 ± 12 to 0.40 ± 0.14 [mean ± 1 standard deviation] in patients with aortic regurgitation and from 0.66 ± 0.09 to 0.48 ± 0.11 in patients with mitral regurgitation). The decrease in ejection fraction was associated with a large decrease in stroke volume with minimal or no change in end-systolic volume; it was unrelated to the preoperative ejection fraction. Early postoperative ejection fraction correlated best with preoperative end-systolic volume and was normal in 14 (67 percent) of 21 patients with a preoperative ejection fraction above 0.60; 4 (27 percent) of 15 patients with a preoperative ejection fraction of 0.50 to 0.60; and in 0 of 4 patients with a preoperative ejection fraction below 0.50 (p <0.05). In addition, a repeated scan in 16 patients late (1 to 2 years) after operation showed a further reduction in endsystolic volume in patients with aortic regurgitation with an increase in ejection fraction toward preoperative values. There was no significant change in patients with mitral regurgitation. End-diastolic volume decreased significantly (p <0.001) early postoperatively (from 162 ± 60 to 102 ± 41 ml/m2 in patients with aortic regurgitation and from 131 ± 40 to 78 ± 30 ml/m2 in patients with mitral regurgitation). This decrease was closely related to a decrease in stroke volume and was unrelated to preoperative ejection fraction. Early postoperative end-diastolic volume correlated best with the preoperative end-systolic volume. The major part of the reduction in end-diastolic volume occurred within 2 weeks of valve replacement. Removal of chronic left ventricular volume overload due to aortic or mitral regurgitation produces a decrease in ejection fraction and end-diastolic volume. The early reduction is in part a result of altered loading conditions and may not necessarily imply alterations in myocardial contractile function. The reduction in ejection fraction appears to persist in patients with mitral regurgitation. © 1981.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Boucher, CA; Bingham, JB; Osbakken, MD; Okada, RD; Strauss, HW; Block, PC; Levine, FH; Phillips, HR; Pohost, GM

Published Date

  • 1981

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 991 - 1004

PubMed ID

  • 7223671

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9149