Workshop on treatment of and postexposure prophylaxis for Burkholderia pseudomallei and B. mallei Infection, 2010.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The US Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise convened subject matter experts at the 2010 HHS Burkholderia Workshop to develop consensus recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis against and treatment for Burkholderia pseudomallei and B. mallei infections, which cause melioidosis and glanders, respectively. Drugs recommended by consensus of the participants are ceftazidime or meropenem for initial intensive therapy, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for eradication therapy. For postexposure prophylaxis, recommended drugs are trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or co-amoxiclav. To improve the timely diagnosis of melioidosis and glanders, further development and wide distribution of rapid diagnostic assays were also recommended. Standardized animal models and B. pseudomallei strains are needed for further development of therapeutic options. Training for laboratory technicians and physicians would facilitate better diagnosis and treatment options.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lipsitz, R; Garges, S; Aurigemma, R; Baccam, P; Blaney, DD; Cheng, AC; Currie, BJ; Dance, D; Gee, JE; Larsen, J; Limmathurotsakul, D; Morrow, MG; Norton, R; O'Mara, E; Peacock, SJ; Pesik, N; Rogers, LP; Schweizer, HP; Steinmetz, I; Tan, G; Tan, P; Wiersinga, WJ; Wuthiekanun, V; Smith, TL

Published Date

  • December 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 12

Start / End Page

  • e2 -

PubMed ID

  • 23171644

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3557896

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1080-6059

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3201/eid1812.120638


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States