A 4-Mb high-density single nucleotide polymorphism-based map around human APOE.


Journal Article

Whole-genome association studies using single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the proposed method of choice for the identification of loci associated with complex diseases. In this report, we address the feasibility of generating high-density SNP maps (with <100-kb spacing). As a pilot study, we concentrated on a 4-Mb region around the human APOE locus on chromosome 19. We compared the efficiency of SNP detection using YAC-based versus BAC/PAC-based maps, sequencing individual DNAs versus a pooled DNA sample, and we evaluated three different software applications for polymorphism detection. A total of 121 SNPs (25 in coding regions) were identified. The frequency of SNP detection was 1 SNP/1.1 kb of genomic sequence. From APOE to CALM3 (approximately 2 Mb), the average marker spacing was approximately 30 kb. Fifty-one SNPs were genotyped in five populations, and 10 SNPs showed an allele frequency differential greater than 0.5 between populations. Our results demonstrated that high-density SNP maps can be efficiently generated using existing technologies and that a genome-wide map with 60,000-100,000 SNPs is achievable in a reasonable time frame.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Lai, E; Riley, J; Purvis, I; Roses, A

Published Date

  • November 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 54 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 31 - 38

PubMed ID

  • 9806827

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9806827

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1089-8646

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0888-7543

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1006/geno.1998.5581


  • eng