Functional analysis of the calcineurin-encoding gene cnaA from Aspergillus oryzae: evidence for its putative role in stress adaptation.
The presence of putative STRE (stress response regulatory element) and HSF (heat-shock factor) transcription factor binding sites in the promoter region of the gene encoding calcineurin ( cnaA) from Aspergillus oryzae implicated a probable role for calcineurin in the stress response. The activity of calcineurin was enhanced during growth of the wild-type strain in the presence of 1 M NaCl (2.6-fold), at alkaline pH 10.0 (2.9-fold) and at 37 degrees C (1.6-fold). The induction of cnaA antisense expression resulted in reduced calcineurin activity (1.4-fold) and caused a growth defect under the stress conditions. Induction of a strain overexpressing cnaA resulted in an increase in calcineurin activity under stress conditions, such as the presence of 1 M NaCl (73%), alkaline pH 10.0 (70%), and a temperature of 37 degrees C (50%), in addition to tolerance to FK506 (a specific inhibitor of calcineurin). While a role for calcineurin in hyphal growth is well recognized, the present study suggests that stress adaptation mechanisms in filamentous fungi involve calmodulin/calcineurin-mediated signal transduction pathways.
Juvvadi, PR; Kuroki, Y; Arioka, M; Nakajima, H; Kitamoto, K
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