Weight gain and height velocity in young children 1 year following bone marrow transplant: a single institution study.
The nutritional and growth effects on children following a bone marrow transplant (BMT) have not been well documented. The purpose of this study was to describe the growth patterns of young children during the first year following BMT. A retrospective chart review was used to examine the nutritional status of 25 young children, 1 to 6 years of age, who received an allogeneic BMT. Nutritional data were reviewed prior to BMT and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months following BMT. The mean weight gain was 2.5 kg with a median weight gain of 2.3 kg (range, -1.2 to 9.4 kg). The mean height gain was 7 cm with a median height gain of 7.4 cm (range, 1.2 to 16.8 cm). Growth related to gender, age, and incidence of infection was similar to the overall average; however, children with graft-versus-host disease revealed poor weight and height gain. Nurses must learn to recognize patients at nutritional risk and intervene when necessary. More research is needed to address specific nutritional needs of the pediatric BMT patient.
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