Correlation of angiogenic biomarker signatures with clinical outcomes in metastatic colorectal cancer patients receiving capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab.

Published

Journal Article

A novel combination of capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab was evaluated in colorectal cancer patients enrolled in a phase II clinical trial. In this retrospective analysis, plasma samples from patients receiving capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab were analyzed to investigate biomarkers of clinical benefit. Forty-one protein biomarkers were tested in 38 patients at baseline and after two cycles of drug administration. Correlations among analytes were evaluated by Spearman analysis. Analyte levels at baseline and changes on-treatment were correlated with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) by univariate analysis. Multivariate analyses were determined using the Cox proportional hazard model. Time to event analyses were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared by log-rank test. Baseline levels of vWF and Ang-2 significantly correlated with PFS, while levels of VCAM-1, vWF, TSP-2, IL-8, MMP-2, and Ang-2 correlated with OS (P < 0.05). The fold change of IGF-1 levels from baseline to the end of cycle 2 was correlated with PFS, while fold changes of Ang-2, TSP-2, and TGF-β2 correlated with OS. A baseline signature of Ang-2, IGFBP-3, IL-6, and VCAM-1 identified a low-risk and high-risk group of patients (OS: 33.9 months vs. 18.1 months, respectively, P = 0.016). For treatment-related changes, a signature consisting of Ang-2, E-Cadherin, IL-6, MCP-1, OPN, and TGF-β1 was able to stratify patients into high- and low-risk groups (PFS: 7.7 months vs. 15.5 months, P = 0.004). Multiplex analysis of patient plasma in this trial identified several baseline- and treatment-related biomarkers associated with clinical outcome. These findings merit further exploration in larger, controlled clinical trials.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liu, Y; Starr, MD; Bulusu, A; Pang, H; Wong, NS; Honeycutt, W; Amara, A; Hurwitz, HI; Nixon, AB

Published Date

  • April 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 234 - 242

PubMed ID

  • 23634291

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23634291

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2045-7634

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2045-7634

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/cam4.71

Language

  • eng