A blood-based gene expression test for obstructive coronary artery disease tested in symptomatic nondiabetic patients referred for myocardial perfusion imaging the COMPASS study.
BACKGROUND- Obstructive coronary artery disease diagnosis in symptomatic patients often involves noninvasive testing before invasive coronary angiography. A blood-based gene expression score (GES) was previously validated in nondiabetic patients referred for invasive coronary angiography but not in symptomatic patients referred for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). METHODS AND RESULTS- This prospective, multicenter study obtained peripheral blood samples for GES before MPI in 537 consecutive patients. Patients with abnormal MPI usually underwent invasive coronary angiography; all others had research coronary computed tomographic angiography, with core laboratories defining coronary anatomy. A total of 431 patients completed GES, coronary imaging (invasive coronary angiography or computed tomographic angiography), and MPI. Mean age was 56±10 years (48% women). The prespecified primary end point was GES receiver-operating characteristics analysis to discriminate ≥50% stenosis (15% prevalence by core laboratory analysis). Area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve for GES was 0.79 (95% confidence interval, 0.73-0.84; P<0.001), with sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value of 89%, 52%, and 96%, respectively, at a prespecified threshold of ≤15 with 46% of patients below this score. The GES outperformed clinical factors by receiver-operating characteristics and reclassification analysis and showed significant correlation with maximum percent stenosis. Six-month follow-up on 97% of patients showed that 27 of 28 patients with adverse cardiovascular events or revascularization had GES >15. Site and core-laboratory MPI had areas under the curve of 0.59 and 0.63, respectively, significantly less than GES. CONCLUSIONS- GES has high sensitivity and negative predictive value for obstructive coronary artery disease. In this population clinically referred for MPI, the GES outperformed clinical factors and MPI. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01117506.
Thomas, GS; Voros, S; McPherson, JA; Lansky, AJ; Winn, ME; Bateman, TM; Elashoff, MR; Lieu, HD; Johnson, AM; Daniels, SE; Ladapo, JA; Phelps, CE; Douglas, PS; Rosenberg, S
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