Recent developments in clopidogrel pharmacology and their relation to clinical outcomes.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Oral antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin is an important and widely prescribed strategy to prevent ischemic events in patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, the occurrence of thrombotic events including stent thrombosis is still high (> 10%). Current practice guidelines are mainly based on large-scale trials focusing on clinical endpoints and 'one size fits all' strategies of treating all patients with the same clopidogrel doses. Pharmacodynamic studies have demonstrated that the latter strategy is associated with wide response variability where a substantial percentage of patients show nonresponsivenes. Translational research studies have established the relation between clopidogrel nonresponsivenes or high on-treatment platelet reactivity to adverse clinical events, thereby establishing clopidogrel nonresponsivenes as an important emerging clinical entity. Clopidogrel response variability is primarily a pharmacokinetic phenomenon associated with insufficient active metabolite generation that is secondary to i) limited intestinal absorption affected by an ABCB1 gene polymorphism; ii) functional variability in P450 isoenzyme activity; and iii) a genetic polymorphism of CYP450 isoenzymes. Personalized antiplatelet treatment with higher clopidogrel doses in selected patients or with newer more potent P2Y(12) receptor blockers based on individual platelet function measurement can overcome some of the limitations of current clopidogrel treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gurbel, PA; Antonino, MJ; Tantry, US

Published Date

  • August 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 989 - 1004

PubMed ID

  • 19575629

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19575629

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-7607

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1742-5255

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1517/17425250903107772

Language

  • eng